Transportation Planning

Why does transportation matter? During the course of your day, you are on the move. You depend on the transportation network to get you where you need to go. Learn more about why it matters!

Transportation planning plays a fundamental role in the state, region or community’s vision for its future. SJTPO provides a forum for cooperative decision-making among responsible state and local officials, public and private transportation providers, and the general public.

Our Vision

A transportation system, based on regional collaboration that moves people and goods in a safe and efficient manner and incorporates all modes and users.

Transportation Planning Process

The steps that SJTPO follows for developing, evaluating, and implementing a performance-based Planning Process.

  • Layout the Planning Process

The Transportation Planning Process cycle begins with laying out the overall strategy. During this planning stage, stakeholders (governments, authorities, citizens, etc.) work together to prepare, adopt and occasionally amend the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP), which essentially serves as the budget for SJTPO activities.

  • Establish Vision & Goals

Next comes developing a regional vision with specific goals and objectives. The stakeholders hold numerous meetings to initiate an exchange of ideas and different viewpoints regarding the future development of the region. The list of goals developed from this vision is expanded to include specific objectives that help implement the goals.

  • Data Collection

Data relevant to the various areas included in the Long-Range Plan (including population and population distribution, natural resources, economic, housing, transportation, and land use) are then collected and compiled into an Existing Conditions or Existing Uses report. The data collected determines stakeholder needs and evaluates the financial resources needed to meet them.

  • Long-Range Planning

From that data, Long-Range Planning (the development of Transportation Matters) can occur. Regional goals and objectives are essential to the purpose of Transportation Matters. SJTPO, along with local governments, special districts, and citizens, prepare, adopt, update, and amend Transportation Matters, which normally projects out 20 years into the future. Transportation Matters contains text, maps, graphs, and charts that show SJTPO’s vision, goals, strategies, and recommendations that guide the physical development of the region.

  • Short-Term Projects

After the development of the Transportation Matters, a short-term list of fiscally constrained priority projects is generated. This is a list of projects that the various stakeholders and data analysis determine are important to a region’s needs, goals and objectives. This leads to shorter-term fiscally constrained priority projects. The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) list is generated from the short-term list. The projects included TIP list are projects that will be implemented.

  • Performance Measurement

The final step of the process is monitoring and evaluating the project implementation, with the aim of improving its design and function while in action. Monitoring provides constant feedback on a project’s progress, problems, and efficiency. The evaluation studies the outcome of a project with the aim of informing future project design. Evaluation studies can determine the extent to which the project produced the intended impacts and the distribution of the benefits between different stakeholders, and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the project as compared with other options.


Planning Strategies & Goals


Promote Accessibility and Mobility for the movement of People and Goods


Restore, Preserve, and Maintain the existing transportation system


Support the Regional Economy


Improve Security


Mitigate Traffic Congestion and Promote Efficient System Operation


Improve Transportation Safety


Improve the Resiliency and Reliability of the transportation infrastructure


Enhance the Integration and Connectivity of the transportation system


Improve the Resiliency and Reliability of the transportation infrastructure


Increase and enhance opportunities for Travel and Tourism

Core and Vital Documents

SJTPO has nine documents that are often referred to as “core documents.” This term is used to describe a plan that requires a public comment of at least 30 days as well as at least one public meeting. SJTPO’s “core documents” are as follows:

  • Access for All Transit PlanFederally required to be updated every five years, the Access for All Transit Plan identifies the unmet transportation needs and recommends methods to increase service quality and reduce the cost of providing services to the transportation disadvantaged population in the region.
  • Congestion Management Process (CMP): The CMP is a federally required process documented in a methodology report that guides how to safely and effectively manage and operate South Jersey’s transportation network.
  • Limited English Proficiency Plan (LEP): The LEP Plan is a federally required document, updated as needed, that identifies the LEP populations in the region and how SJTPO will work to accommodate their needs in SJTPO’s process.
  • Public Involvement Plan (PIP): The PIP is a required document, updated as needed, that articulates the rules SJTPO will follow and the processes by which the public can engage in the MPO transportation planning process.
  • Regional Transportation Plan (RTP): The RTP is a long-term transportation plan that identifies a high-level vision and outlines transportation projects for at least the next 20 years, and is the result of extensive outreach, collaboration, and consensus. The RTP is updated every four years.
  • Transportation Conformity: The Transportation Conformity document demonstrates transportation conformity of the TIP and RTP with the 2015 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS).
  • Transportation Improvement Program (TIP): The tip is an agreed upon list of projects, for which state and federal funds are expected to be spent. The TIP is updated every two years.
  • Title VI Implementation Plan: The Title VI Implementation Plan is a federally required document, updated as needed, that documents how SJTPO will meet its requirements under Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP): The UPWP details all anticipated transportation planning activities to be performed by the SJTPO staff, subregions, and member agencies during the fiscal year. The upwp is updated every year.

SJTPO’s “vital documents” are documents that help residents and stakeholders understand SJTPO’s purpose and importance in the four-county region and will be proactively translated into Spanish and translated in other languages upon request. These documents are as follows:

  • Access for All Transit Plan Executive Summary: The All Transit Plan Executive Summary is available in English and Spanish on the Access for All Transit Plan webpage.
  • Environmental Justice (EJ) Report: The English and Spanish versions of the EJ Plan Executive Summary are in development and upon completion will be available on the Environmental Justice webpage.
  • Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Plan: The LEP Plan has been translated into Spanish and is available on the LEP webpage.
  • Public Involvement Plan (PIP) Executive Summary: The PIP Executive Summary is available in English and Spanish on the PIP webpage.
  • Regional Transportation Plan (RTP) Executive Summary: The RTP Executive Summary is available in English and Spanish on the RTP webpage. 
  • The Public Engagement Guide to Transportation Planning in South Jersey: The Guide is available in English and Spanish on the Public Engagement Guide webpage.
  • Title VI Complaint Form: The Title VI Complaint Form must be completed if a person or group of persons believes they have been aggrieved by an unlawful discriminatory practice by SJTPO under Title VI. The form is available in English and Spanish on the Title VI webpage. 
  • Title VI Complaint Procedures: Materials that directly allow the public to understand and exercise their rights under Title VI with regard to SJTPO are available on the Title VI webpage. 
  • Title VI Notice: The Title VI Notice is SJTPO’s commitment to the public to assure full compliance with Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987, Executive Order 12898 on Environmental Justice, and related nondiscrimination statutes and regulations in all programs and activities. The Title VI Notice is available on the Title VI webpage.
  • Transportation Improvement Program (tip) Executive Summary: The tip Executive Summary is available in English and Spanish on the TIP webpage.
  • Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) Executive Summary: The UPWP Executive Summary is available in English and Spanish on the UPWP webpage.

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