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Performance Based Planning

State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) are required to establish quantifiable targets for several performance measures. A performance measure is a statistic used to determine progress toward a goal or objective. The established targets for the performance measures help to maintain accountability to ensure that federal funds are spent wisely and achieve the benefits they are designed to achieve.

Since the passage of MAP-21 and continuing through the FAST Act and now the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), the Federal government has placed an increasing emphasis on performance-based planning. Performance-based planning is the use of a strategic direction (goals and objectives) and performance trends to drive the development of agency strategies and priorities in the regional transportation plan (RTP) and other performance-based plans (e.g., safety, asset management, mobility/operations, and freight). The identified strategies and priorities in these plans lead to the programming of projects selected to make progress toward performance targets, objectives, and goals.

The rules promulgated by the FHWA cover the Interstate system as well as the National Highway System (NHS). The NHS is a network of strategic highways within the United States including the Interstate Highway System and other roads serving major airports, ports, military bases, rail or truck terminals, railway stations, pipeline terminals, and other strategic transport facilities. However, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) also promulgated rules mandating specific performance measures and targets to help major transit operators meet performance goals and targets to maintain and improve their systems. These are described in more detail following the FHWA measures and targets.

These rules prescribe specific measures and targets that the State DOTs, major transit operators, and MPOs must set. Moving forward, these targets are meant to guide the strategies and investments in NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and MPO plans. Each of the rules and the ensuing performance measures and targets are described in more detail below.

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

To implement its Transportation Performance Management framework, the Federal Highway Administration established six performance rules based on the national performance goals of:

  • Improving Safety (PM1)
  • Maintaining Infrastructure condition (PM2)
  • Reducing traffic congestion (PM3)
  • Improving the efficiency of the system as well as freight movement (PM3)
  • Protecting the environment (PM3)
  • Reducing delays in project delivery (PM3)
Safety Performance Management Measures Rule (PM 1)

State DOTs are required by federal transportation legislation and guidance (23 CFR 490) to establish targets for five safety performance measures each year. These safety targets are closely tied to the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP), which is a major federal funding source aimed at reducing serious injuries and fatalities on the roadway network as well as to the Statewide Strategic Highway Safety Plan, which guides the overall safety approach in each state. Similarly, each year MPOs must also either establish their own targets or elect to support the state targets.

In New Jersey, the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) submits the Statewide safety targets for the five measures, which are established based on a collaborative process with the New Jersey Division of Highway Traffic Safety (NJ DHTS) and the three New Jersey MPOs. As a result of this collaboration, SJTPO has elected to support the State targets.

Quick Facts About Safety Targets

Goal Reduce traffic fatalities and serious injuries
Reporting Frequency Annual, Calendar Year
When Typically Established NJDOT: June/July; SJTPO: September
Target Period 5-Year Rolling Average
Federal Guidance 23 CFR 490
Responsible Agency NJDOT (in collaboration with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), NJ DHTS, SJTPO, the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), and the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA))
New Jersey’s Progress FHWA Transportation Performance Measurement Dashboard
Penalties 23 U.S.C. 148(i); Establish implementation plan, restricted flexibility in using federal HSIP funds
Learn More FHWA State Safety Performance Targets Page

Current Safety Targets

Performance Measure 2017-2021 Baseline
(5-year rolling average)
2019-2023 Target
(5-year rolling average)
Number of Fatalities 606.6 669.4
Rate of Fatalities per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled 0.814 0.906
Number of Serious Injuries 2,307.6 3,079.6
Rate of Serious Injuries per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled 3.132 4.178
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries 656.4 848.2

NJDOT 2019-2023 Targets Letter (5/31/2022)
SJTPO Policy Board Resolution Approving Targets (9/26/2022)

How Are We Doing?

State DOTs are required to submit an annual safety report to FHWA, which includes baseline values, targets, and progress toward meeting the targets. A state is considered to have met or made significant progress when at least four out of the five safety performance targets are met or the actual outcome for the safety performance target is better than baseline performance.

Performance Measure 2014-2018 2015-20191 2016-2020 2017-2021 2018-2022
Number of Fatalities 586.0 605.0 582.8 574.0 565.0
Rate of Fatalities per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled 0.778 0.780 0.744 0.740 0.766
Number of Serious Injuries 1,105.0 1,101.4 1,167.9 2,124.8 2,537.2
Rate of Serious Injuries per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled 1.467 1.422 1.489 2.724 3.440
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries 386.5 393.9 407.9 588.5 754.1
Overall: Met or Made Significant Progress Yes No No No TBD
NJDOT Letter 5/03/2017 4/27/2018 6/26/2019 7/28/2020 8/20/2021
SJTPO Approval 1/16/2018 7/23/2018 7/22/2019 9/28/2020 11/22/2021
Met Target Did Not Meet Target

If the State has not met or made significant progress toward meeting four out of five of its Statewide targets, then the State DOT will be required to develop and submit an implementation plan to FHWA that identifies gaps, develops strategies and action steps, and includes a financial and performance review of all federally funded safety projects. In addition, more stringent rules will apply regarding the flexibility of federal Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) funds (23 U.S.C. 148(i)).

Annual Safety Data

While the rolling five-year targets are designed to reduce the effect of anomalies that may occur from one year to another, these data are not intuitive. To further clarify the performance of the roadway network based on these five targets, the table below shows these statistics on an annual basis. Five years of this annual data is averaged together to make up the respective five-year rolling average.

Performance Measure 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Number of Fatalities 556 561 602 624 563 558 584
Rate of Fatalities per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled 0.74 0.74 0.78 0.81 0.73 0.71 0.88
Number of Serious Injuries 990 1,138 1,019 1,137 1,284 3,047 2,423
Rate of Serious Injuries per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled 1.32 1.51 1.32 1.47 1.66 3.9 3.65
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries 359 395 387 403 426 821 892

Source: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tpm/reporting/state/safety_2018.cfm?state=New%20Jersey

Annual numbers are posted as they are verified, finalized, and become available to SJTPO. Due to the extensive verification process, this can be two years after the year is complete.

Pavement and Bridge Condition Performance Measures (PM 2)

The second major performance rule established (often referred to as PM2) calls for State DOTs and MPOs to establish performance measures and targets assessing the condition of pavement and bridges. These pavement and bridge targets are closely tied to the National Highway Performance Program (NHPP), which is a major federal funding source intended to provide support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System (NHS) and ensure that investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in a state’s asset management plan. The program also supports activities to increase the resiliency of the NHS to mitigate the cost of damages from sea level rise, extreme weather events, flooding, wildfires, and other natural disasters. [§ 11105(1); 23 U.S.C. 119(b)]

Pavement

State DOTs must establish 2- and 4-year targets, regardless of ownership, for the full extent of the Interstate and non-Interstate NHS. MPOs can support the State DOT 4-year targets or establish their own within 180 days after the State DOT target is established. In the most recent targets submitted for the Mid Performance Period Progress Report, SJTPO has supported the State targets.

Quick Facts About Pavement Targets

Goal Provide support for the condition and performance of the NHS and ensure investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction support progress toward achievement of performance targets in a state’s asset management plan.
Reporting Frequency Bi-Annual, Calendar Year within each 4-year performance period
When Typically Established NJDOT: September; SJTPO: January (following year)
Target Period Every 2 and 4 years, within each Performance Period
Federal Guidance 23 CFR 490
Responsible Agency NJDOT (in collaboration with each of 82 owners of the NHS as well as SJTPO, the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), and the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA))
New Jersey’s Progress FHWA Transportation Performance Measurement Dashboard
Penalties State DOT must obligate a portion of the National Highway Performance Program (NHPP) and transfer a portion of the Surface Transportation Program (STP) funds to address Interstate pavement condition. (23 U.S.C. 119(f)(1)(A))
Learn More Transportation Performance Management; Pavement and Bridge Conditions: Frequently Asked Questions

Current Pavement Targets

Performance Measure 2018 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
% of Interstate Pavement in Good Condition 55.02 N/A 50 pending pending pending
% of Interstate Pavement in Poor Condition 1.36 N/A 2.5 pending pending pending
% of non-Interstate Pavement in Good Condition 30.37 25 25 pending pending pending
% of non-Interstate Pavement in Poor Condition 1.18 2.5 15 pending pending pending

How Are We Doing?

At the conclusion of each performance period, state DOTs are required to submit a four-year performance period report to FHWA, which includes baseline values, targets, and progress toward meeting the targets. The first performance period went from January 1, 2018, to December 31, 2021, while the second performance period began January 1, 2022, and goes through December 31, 2025. The state met both two-year pavement targets and three out of four four-year pavement targets in total for the first performance period. On October 1, 2022, the full performance report for the first performance period as well as the baseline report for the second performance period was due to FHWA, although this has been delayed due to issues with the Performance Management Form (PMF) system, the FHWA portal for reporting these targets. For this first performance period, four-year targets were required for both the Interstate conditions as well as the non-interstate conditions, while 2-year targets were required just for the non-interstate pavement conditions.

Performance Measure 2018 Baseline 2-Year Target 2020-2 Year Performance 4-year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
% of Interstate Pavements in Good Condition 55.02 N/A 62.1 50 pending pending pending
% of Interstate Pavements in Poor Condition 1.36 N/A 1.8 2.5 pending pending pending
% of non-Interstate Pavements in Good Condition 30.37 25 33 25 pending pending pending
% of non-Interstate Pavements in Poor Condition 1.18 2.5 10.7 15 pending pending pending
NJDOT Letter   9/14/2018 n/a 9/14/2018* pending pending pending
SJTPO Approval   9/24/2018 n/a 1/25/2021 pending pending pending

*The NJDOT letter affirms the original 2- and 4-year targets for pavement, but the revised 4-year targets for % non-interstate NHS pavements in poor condition.

Met Target Did Not Meet Target

Bridges

In addition to pavement, State DOTs must establish targets for all bridges carrying the NHS, which includes on- and off-ramps connected to the NHS within the State. State DOTs must establish both 2- and 4-year targets for each performance period. MPOs have the option of supporting the State targets or establishing their own targets within 180 days after the State DOT target is established.

Quick Facts About Bridge Targets

Goal Provide support for the condition and performance of bridges carrying the NHS.
Reporting Frequency Bi-Annual, Calendar Year within each 4-year performance period
When Typically Established NJDOT: September; SJTPO: January (following year)
Target Period Every 2 and 4 years within each Performance Period
Federal Guidance 23 CFR 490
Responsible Agency NJDOT (in collaboration with owners of bridges on the NHS as well as SJTPO, DVRPC, and NJTPA)
New Jersey’s Progress FHWA Transportation Performance Measurement Dashboard
Penalties If for three consecutive years more than 10% of a State DOT’s total bridge deck area is classified as Structurally Deficient, the State DOT must obligate and set aside NHPP funds for eligible projects on bridges on the NHS.
Learn More Transportation Performance Management; Pavement and Bridge Conditions: Frequently Asked Questions

Current Bridge Targets

Performance Measure 2018 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Percentage of NHS bridges in Good condition by Deck Area 20.7% 19.4% 21.3% pending pending pending
Percentage of NHS bridges in Poor condition by Deck Area 6.5% 6.5% 6.8% pending pending pending

How Are We Doing?

At the conclusion of each performance period, state DOTs are required to submit a four-year performance period report to FHWA, which includes baseline values, targets, and progress toward meeting the targets. The first performance period goes from January 1, 2018, to December 31, 2021, while the second performance period begins January 1, 2022, and goes through December 31, 2025. The state met its 2-year targets for the percentage of NHS bridges in good conditions but fell short of the 2-year target for the percentage of NHS bridges in poor conditions. On October 1, 2022, the full performance report for the first performance period as well as the baseline report for the second performance period was due to FHWA, although this has been delayed due to issues with the Performance Management Form (PMF) system, the FHWA portal for reporting these targets.

Performance Measure 2018 Baseline 2-Year Target 2020-2 Year Performance 4-year target 2022 Baseline* 2-Year Target* 4-Year Target*
Percentage of NHS bridges in Good condition by Deck Area 21.7% 19.4% 22.1% 21.3% pending pending pending
Percentage of NHS bridges in Poor condition by Deck Area 6.5% 6.5% 6.8% 6.8% pending pending pending
NJDOT Letter   9/14/2018 n/a 9/14/2018** pending pending pending
SJTPO Approval   9/24/2018 n/a 1/25/2021 pending pending pending

** The NJDOT letter affirms the original 2- and 4-year targets for bridge conditions, but not the revised 4-year targets for bridges.

Met Target Did Not Meet Target
System Performance Measures (PM 3)

State DOTs are required by federal transportation legislation and guidance to establish performance measures and targets assessing the performance of the Interstate and non-Interstate National Highway System to carry out the National Highway Performance Program (NHPP), Freight Movement on the Interstate System, and traffic congestion and on-road mobile source emissions for the purpose of carrying out the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program (CMAQ). The PM3 set of Performance Measures cover the following measures:

  • Travel Time Reliability, defined as the Percentage of the Interstate and Non-interstate System (in person-miles) providing for Reliable Travel Times
  • Truck Travel Time Reliability, defined as the Percentage of the Interstate System Mileage providing for Reliable Truck Travel Times
  • CMAQ Traffic Congestion, which consists of two performance measures: Annual Hours of Excessive Delay per Capita as well as the Percent Non-SOV
  • CMAQ On-Road Mobile Source Emissions, which are the two- and four-year total emissions reductions for VOC and NOx, the two ozone precursors. As ozone is the only criteria pollutant for which the SJTPO region is in nonattainment, that is the only pollutant for which it is required to create targets and submit a performance report.

Under Travel Time Reliability, the State DOTs must establish 2- and 4-year targets, for the full extent of the Interstate and non-interstate NHS. For Truck Travel Time Reliability, State DOTs must establish the truck travel time reliability for interstates only. As with the previous measures, MPOs can support the relevant State DOT 4-year targets or establish their own 180 days after the State DOT target is established.

Unlike many of the other performance measures, the CMAQ congestion measures and targets are applicable to the urbanized areas containing a population of 1,000,000 or more. As a small portion of the SJTPO region falls within the Philadelphia (PA-NJ-DE-MD) Area, it must be involved in the establishment of CMAQ congestion measures and targets for that Urbanized Area. However, beginning with the 2nd Performance Period, this rule also applies to Urbanized Areas with a population of at least 200,000. As the Atlantic City, NJ, Urbanized Area, with a population of approximately 240,000, lies entirely within the SJTPO region, SJTPO must establish CMAQ congestion measures and targets for the Atlantic City, NJ, Urbanized Area, beginning with the 2nd Performance period.

Finally, the PM3 set of measures includes on-road mobile source emissions measures and targets, which apply to any State DOT or MPO whose geographic boundaries include any part of a nonattainment area for any of the national criteria pollutants designated under the Clean Air Act. As SJTPO lies within the Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-MD-DE 8-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area, it must establish 2- and 4-year emissions reductions targets for the two ozone precursors of NOx and VOC within each four-year performance period.

Quick Facts NHS Performance, CMAQ Targets

Goal [NHS Performance, CMAQ Congestion]: Provide support for condition and performance of the NHS, ensure investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction support progress toward achievement of performance targets in a state’s asset management plan. [CMAQ Emissions]: Ensure that CMAQ projects are leading to emissions reductions
Reporting Frequency Bi-Annual, Calendar Year within each 4-year performance period
When Typically Established NJDOT: May; SJTPO: September
Target Period Every 2 and 4 years, within each Performance Period
Federal Guidance 23 CFR 490
Responsible Agency NJDOT (in collaboration with the SJTPO, DVRPC, and NJTPA) (NHS Performance, CMAQ emissions); also Atlantic County, Cape May County, Atlantic City, for Atlantic City UZA CMAQ Congestion targets; other PA, DE, and MD agencies (in addition to DVRPC), for Philadelphia UZA CMAQ congestion targets
New Jersey’s Progress FHWA Transportation Performance Measurement Dashboard
Penalties Travel Time Reliability—If a State DOT has not made significant progress towards achievement of Travel Time Reliability measures, then the State DOT must document actions it will take to achieve NHS travel time targets [23 CFR 490.109(f)(1) (iv)] Truck Travel Time Reliability—If a State has not made significant progress towards Truck Travel Time Reliability Index (TTTRI) targets, then the State must identify bottlenecks, identify ways it is allocating funding to improve bottlenecks [23 CFR 490.109(f)(2)]
Learn More Transportation Performance Management;  System Performance/Freight/CMAQ Performance Measures Final Rule: Frequently Asked Questions

Current Targets

1. Travel Time Reliability, % of Person-Miles Traveled that are Reliable

Performance Measure Baseline (based on 2017) 2-Year Target 4-Year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Travel Time Reliability, Interstate NHS 82.1% 82.0% 82.0% 94.0% 82.0% 83.0%
Travel Time Reliability, Non-Interstate NHS 84.1% N/A 84.1% 92.2% 85.0% 86.0%

2. Freight/Truck Travel Time Reliability Index on NHS Interstate roadways only

Performance Measure Baseline (based on 2017) 2-Year Target 4-Year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Truck Travel Time Reliability Index 1.82 1.90 1.95 1.56 1.90 1.90

3a. CMAQ Congestion – Philadelphia (PA-NJ-DE-MD) Urbanized Area

Performance Measure 2018 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Percent Non-SOV Travel 27.9% 28.0% 28.1% 30.6% 30.0% 30.0%
Peak Hour Excessive Delay (PHED) (person-hours/capita) 16.8 N/A 17.2 13.1 15.2 15.1

SJTPO Policy Board Resolution Approving Targets (7/25/22)

3b. CMAQ Congestion – Atlantic City, NJ Urbanized Area

Performance Measure 2018 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target 2022 Baseline 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Percent Non-SOV Travel N/A N/A N/A 25.4% 24.1% 23.7%
Peak Hour Excessive Delay (PHED) (person-hours/capita) N/A N/A N/A 6.1 6.3 6.2

SJTPO Policy Board Resolution Approving Targets (7/25/22)

4. CMAQ Emissions – Current On-Road Mobile Source Emissions Targets

The table below gives the CMAQ emissions reductions targets for the SJTPO only. To arrive at the official State targets which are reported to the FHWA, the CMAQ Emissions targets from each MPO within the State is summed.

SJTPO CMAQ Emissions Targets (Sum of MPO Targets)
Year Total Emissions Benefits Projections (kg/day)
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx)
1st Performance Period
2018 2.207 5.226
2019    
2020 2.007 4.642
2021 1.929 4.377
Cumulative 2-Year Target (2018-19) 2.207 5.226
Cumulative 4-Year Target (2018-21) 6.142 14.245
2nd Performance Period
2022 0.37 1.22

No CO or PM2.5 as SJTPO meets the NAAQS for these pollutants

SJTPO Policy Board Resolution Approving Targets (2nd Performance Period) (9/26/22)

How Are We Doing?

1. Travel Time Reliability

At the conclusion of each performance period, state DOTs are required to submit a four-year performance period report to FHWA, which includes baseline values, targets, and progress toward meeting the targets. The first performance period goes from January 1, 2018, to December 31, 2021, while the second performance period begins January 1, 2022, and goes through December 31, 2025. As per the table below, for the Travel Time Reliability Performance Measure, at the midpoint of the first performance period, the State fell a little short of its two-year target for the Interstate system. However, it exceeded the travel time reliability target on the non-interstate roadways within the NHS.

Performance Measure Reported Baseline (2017) 2-Year Target 2-Year Performance (2019) 4-Year Target (2021) 4-Year Performance
Travel Time Reliability, Interstate NHS 82.1% 82.0% 80.6% 82.0% pending
Travel Time Reliability, Non-Interstate NHS 84.1% N/A 86.2% 84.1% pending
NJDOT Letter   5/16/2018   5/16/2018 pending
SJTPO Approval   9/24/2018   9/24/2018 pending

2. Freight/Truck Travel Time Reliability

As with the Total Travel Time Reliability measured above, the Truck Travel Time Reliability Index was calculated at the mid-point of the First Performance Period. It showed the state meeting the two-year target, albeit by a very narrow margin.

Performance Measure Baseline (2017) 2-Year Target (2019) 2-Year Performance 4-Year Target* (2021) 4-Year Performance
Truck Travel Time Reliability Index 1.82% 1.9% 1.89% 1.95% pending
NJDOT Letter   5/16/2018   5/16/2018 pending
SJTPO Approval   9/24/2018   9/24/2018 pending

3. CMAQ Congestion

As per the table below, in the first performance period, the Philadelphia (PA-NJ-DE-MD) Urbanized Area met both the two- and four-year CMAQ congestion targets for each of the two CMAQ congestion measures. As there were no performance measures or targets created for the Atlantic City, NJ Urbanized Area during the First Performance Period, it is too early to assess whether targets were met for the Atlantic City, NJ Urbanized Area.

Performance Measure 2018/2019 Baseline 2-Year Target 2-Year Performance 4-Year Target 4-Year Performance
Percent Non-SOV Travel 27.9% 28.0% 28.2% 28.1% 30.6%
Peak Hour Excessive Delay (PHED) (person-hours/capita) 14.6 17.0 14.6 17.2 13.1
NJDOT Letter   5/16/2018   5/16/2018  
SJTPO Approval   5/21/2018   5/21/2018  

4. CMAQ On-Road Mobile Source Emissions

As depicted in the table below, SJTPO has exceeded CMAQ emissions targets for the First Reporting Period for both the 2-year and 4-year VOC and NOx targets. The 2-year and 4-year VOC goal has been exceeded by 6.17 kg/ day and 3.54 kg/ day, respectively. The 2-year and the 4-year NOx goals have been exceeded by 74.28 kg/ day and 70.28 kg/ day, respectively. There were no SJTPO-programmed CMAQ projects that were reported in the CMAQ Public Access System between federal fiscal years 2018 and 2019. However, benefits resulting from statewide projects sponsored by NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT are distributed to the MPOs, including SJTPO. In 2018, a statewide project was completed and increased the yield of NOx and VOC exponentially; this was a one-off project and is not expected to occur again. Targets would have been met regardless of that project.

SJTPO CMAQ Emissions Performance (Reduction kg/day)
Federal Fiscal Year Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx)
Targets Actual Emissions Targets Actual Emissions
1st Performance Period
2018 2.207 8.14 5.226 79.03
2019   0.24   0.48
2020 2.007 0.58 4.642 3.20
2021 1.929 .73 4.377 1.82
Cumulative 2-Year Target (2018-19) 2.207 8.38 5.226 79.51
Cumulative 4-Year Target (2018-21) 6.142 9.68 14.245 84.53
2nd Performance Period
2022 0.37   1.22  
2023 0.36   1.12  
2024 0.34   1.03  
2025 0.32   0.94  
Cumulative 2-Year Target (2022-23) 0.73   2.33  
Cumulative 4-year Target (2022-2025) 1.39   4.30  
NJDOT Letter* 5/16/2018   5/16/2018  
SJTPO Approval 9/26/2022   9/26/2022  

*This letter affirmed the CMAQ Mobile Source Emissions Targets just for the first Performance Period, and reported the total emissions summed across all three of the State’s MPOs, as opposed to emissions broken down by MPO.

Met Target Did Not Meet Target

Federal Transit Administration (FTA)

In addition to performance measures for the roadway system, the US DOT-Federal Transit Administration (FTA) mandated performance measures and targets for the major transit systems throughout the United States. The first set of Transit Asset Management Performance (TAMP) Measures are designed to ensure that operators of major public transit systems maintain their systems and mandates several specific performance measures and targets that are designed to guide transit providers towards investments that will keep their systems in a State of Good Repair. The second set of performance measures, known as the Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan (PTASP) safety measures, are designed to keep public transit systems safe for operators and other transit employees, riders, and the public at large.

Transit Asset Management Performance Measures

In 2012, MAP-21 mandated FTA to develop a rule establishing a strategic and systematic process of operating, maintaining, and improving public capital assets effectively through their entire life cycle. The TAM Final Rule 49 USC 625 became effective October 1, 2016, and requires public transportation providers to develop and implement transit asset management plans (TAMP). In addition to prescribing specific content for TAM plans, this rule prescribed four state of good repair (SGR) performance measures and calls for transit providers to set performance targets based on these performance measures. The performance management requirements outlined in 49 USC 625 Subpart D are a minimum standard for transit operators.

Quick Facts About Transit Asset Management Plan (TAMP) Targets

Goal To provide a more strategic and systematic process for transit operators to effectively maintain and improve their public capital assets effectively through their entire life cycle.
Reporting Frequency 1 year
When Typically Established NJ TRANSIT: July; SJTPO: September
Target Period Annual, State Fiscal Year
Federal Guidance 49 USC 625
Responsible Agency NJ TRANSIT (in collaboration with NJDOT, SJTPO, the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), and the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA))
Penalties None
Learn More FTA Performance Management website

Current Transit Asset Management Plan (TAMP) Targets: 2022

1. Rolling Stock (Percent of revenue vehicles that have met or exceeded their useful life benchmark)

Articulated Bus 100.00 20.00 0.00 0.00
Automobile 28.89 52.76 6.00 47.37
Over-the-road Bus 26.80 46.40 27.00 23.60
Bus 44.83 0 24.00 24.80
Cutaway 13.19 1.50 64.36 58.15
Light Rail Vehicle 0.00 0.00 0.0 0.00
Minivan 4.35 4.35 5.00 0.00
Commuter Rail Locomotive 11.70 6.37 7.50 8.33
Commuter Rail Passenger Coach 16.97 17.94 16.70 0.00
Commuter Rail Self-Propelled Passenger Car 100.00 100.00 100.00 0.00
Van 1.53 1.53 2.00 0.00

2. Equipment (Percent of service vehicles that have met or exceeded their useful life benchmark)

Performance Measure FY 2019 Target (%) FY 2020 Target (%) FY 2021 Target (%) FY 2022 Target (%)
Automobile 39.00 40.00 0.00 55.38
Trucks and Other Rubber Tire Vehicles 47.00 50.63 64.24 58.53
Steel Wheel Vehicles 25.00 24.10 33.90 33.33

3. Facility (Percent of facilities rated below 3 on the condition scale)

The Facility Performance Targets are listed below:

Performance Measure FY 2019 Target (%) FY 2020 Target (%) FY 2021 Target (%) FY 2022 Target (%)
Passenger/Parking Facilities 0.00 0.00 4.00 4.00
Administrative/Maintenance Facilities 0.00 0.00 4.00 4.00

4. Infrastructure (Percent of track segments with performance restrictions)[1]

Performance Measure FY 2019 Target (%) FY 2020 Target (%) FY 2021 Target (%) FY 2022 Target (%)
Commuter Rail 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.75
NJT Approval  
SJTPO Approval 5/28/2019 1/27/2020 9/27/2021 1/24/2022

SJTPO Policy Board Resolution Approving Targets (2nd Performance Period) (1/24/22)

How Are We Doing?

As seen from the table below, for some of the assets, NJ TRANSIT did not meet their Transit Asset Management targets. As this is an annual measure however, both the performance measures and targets are constantly being updated, so it is likely that in future iterations of this process, performance will improve.

1. Rolling Stock (Percent of revenue vehicles that have met or exceeded their useful life benchmark)

Performance Measure 2021 Target (%) FY 2021 Performance (%) FY 2021
Difference
FY 2022 Target (%)
Articulated Bus 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Automobile 6.00 100.00 -94.00 37.98
Over-the-road Bus 27.00 31.16 -4.16 23.60
Bus 24.00 20.03 3.97 24.80
Cutaway 64.36 63.66 0.70 58.15
Light Rail Vehicle 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minivan 5.00 0.00 5.00 0.00
Commuter Rail Locomotive 7.50 8.64 -1.14 8.33
Commuter Rail Passenger Coach 16.70 0.00 16.70 0.00
Commuter Rail Self-Propelled Passenger Car 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Van 2.00 0.00 2.00 0.00

2. Equipment (Percent of service vehicles that have met or exceeded their useful life benchmark)

Performance Measure FY 2021 Target (%) FY 2021 Performance (%) FY 2021 Difference FY 2022 Target (%)
Automobile 0.00 55.38 -55.38 55.38
Trucks and Other Rubber Tire Vehicles 64.24 56.41 7.83 58.53
Steel Wheel Vehicles 33.90 33.33 0.57 33.33

3. Facility (Percent of facilities rated below 3 on the condition scale)

The Facility Performance Targets are listed below:

Performance Measure FY 2021 Target (%) FY 2021 Performance (%) FY 2021 Difference FY 2022 Target (%)
Passenger/Parking Facilities 4.00 3.13 0.87 4.00
Administrative/Maintenance Facilities 4.00 3.00 1.00 4.00

4. Infrastructure (Percent of track segments with performance restrictions)[2]

Performance Measure FY 2021 Target (%) FY 2021 Performance (%) FY 2021 Difference FY 2022 Target (%)
Commuter Rail 1.00 1.72 -0.72 1.75
NJT Letter        
SJTPO Approval 9/27/2021 1/24/2022 1/24/2022 1/24/2022

[1] While this performance measure covers other types of rail services including Light Rail and Hybrid Rail, as the SJTPO region contains only one rail service, the Atlantic City Rail line, which is classified as a Commuter Rail service, only the Commuter Rail target is listed herein.

[2] While this performance measure covers other types of rail services including Light Rail and Hybrid Rail, as the SJTPO region contains only one rail service, the Atlantic City Rail line, which is classified as a Commuter Rail service, only the Commuter Rail target is listed herein.

Met Target Did Not Meet Target
Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan

On July 19, 2018, FTA published the Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan (PTASP) Final Rule, which requires certain operators of public transportation systems that receive federal funds under FTA’s Urbanized Area Formula Grants to develop safety plans that include the processes and procedures to implement Safety Management Systems (SMS). The rule applies to all operators of public transportation systems that are recipients and sub-recipients of federal financial assistance under the Urbanized Area Formula Program (49 U.S.C. § 5307) and all rail transit operator recipients. These PTASPs must include specific performance measures and targets (specified below). As with nearly all the other performance measures listed here, MPOs are required to set performance targets for each performance measure listed here but have the option of supporting the state targets.

Quick Facts About Public Transportation Safety Targets

Goal To reduce fatalities and injuries, and minimize safety incidents, service failures, and security incidents on public transit systems
Reporting Frequency Annual, Calendar Year
When Typically Established NJ TRANSIT: July, SJTPO: September
Target Period 1 year
Federal Guidance Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan
Responsible Agency NJ TRANSIT (in collaboration with the NJDOT, SJTPO, DVRPC, and NJTPA)
Penalties None
Learn More FTA Safety Performance Targets Guide

Current Public Transportation Safety Targets

Performance Measure 2020 2021 2022
Total Number of Fatalities 4 5 6
Rate per total vehicle revenue miles 0.055/Million Miles 0.073/Million Miles 0.085/Million Miles
Total Number of Passenger Injuries 244 202 173
Rate per Total Vehicle Revenue Miles 3.35/Million Miles 2.76/Million Miles 2.45/Million Miles
Total number of safety Events: Total Number of Collisions 264 231 222
Rate of Collisions per Vehicle Revenue Miles 3.63/Million Miles 3.15/Million Miles 3.14/Million Miles
Total Number of Employee Injuries 423 437 431
Rate of Employee Injuries 7.99/200,000 Hours 7.99/200,000 Hours 7.67/200,000 Hours
Total Number of Major Bus Fire Events 12 9 6
Rate of Major Bus Fire Events 0.16/Million Miles 0.13/Million Miles 0.9/Million Miles
System Reliability: Mean Distance (Miles) between Major Service Failures by Mode (MDBSF) 135.45/Million Miles 72.08/Million Miles 6,540/Million Miles
Security Events: Total Number of Assault/ Security Incident Events ** ** 5
Rate of Security Incidents per Vehicle-Revenue Miles ** ** 0.07/Million Miles
NJT Letter      
SJTPO Approval 3/22/2021 9/27/2021 9/26/2022

**No Security Targets included in these set of targets.

How Are We Doing?

Performance Measure CY 2019* CY 2020* CY 2021*
Total Number of Fatalities      
Rate per total vehicle revenue miles      
Total Number of Passenger Injuries      
Rate per Total Vehicle Revenue Miles      
Total number of safety Events: Total Number of Collisions      
Rate of Collisions per Vehicle Revenue Miles
Total Number of Employee Injuries      
Rate of Employee Injuries      
Total Number of Major Bus Fire Events      
Rate of Major Bus Fire Events (per MVRM)      
System Reliability: Mean Distance (Miles) between Major Service Failures by Mode (MDBSF)      
Security Events: Total Number of Assault/Security Incident Events      
Rate of Security Incidents per Vehicle-Revenue Miles      

* Awaiting status update from NJ TRANSIT

Met Target Did Not Meet Target

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